7) Subsumption Theory (Ausubel, 1968)
A primary process in learning is subsumption in which new material is related to relevant ideas in existing cognitive structure of the learner. Cognitive structures represent all the learning experiences that the learner has accumulated.
Implication: Instructional materials should attempt to integrate new material with previously learned material through comparisons and cross-referencing of new and old ideas.
Advance organisers – are introduced in advance of learning and presented at a higher level of abstraction and generality. Its purpose is to explain, integrate and interrelate new with old information. Eg. story, analogies, overviews, graphic organisers, pictures, animation, sound, mind maps.
by Barbara Bowen